Here are the frequently asked questions

The following FAQ will provide you with a framework and assist you in writing your thesis. The information includes our own mandatory guidelines, which are adopted from the examination regulations at the HWR/BSEL. For content-related issues contact your supervisor or check out the date below for our colloquium regarding bachelor/master/PhD thesis which is held every semester. 

Next colloquium: t.b.a.

1. General Information

Do I have to draft a proposal?

Yes, the proposal should be approximately 7 pages long, including table of content and list of references. It will guide you through your own writing process of the thesis and will highlight possible problems early on, not only for you but also your supervisor.

You have to hand it in in advance!

Do I have to hand in digital version of my thesis?

Yes. Add one USB flash drive to every thesis.

2. Information Regarding the Thesis

2.1. Structure of the Thesis

  • cover (outer cover)
  • cover page (empty or if necessary non-disclosure notice)
  • title page (inner cover)
  • content including page references
  • list of abbreviations (if needed)
  • list of figures and tables
  • text
  • references
  • list of appendixes (if there are more than two separately disclosed appendix-parts)
  • appendix
  • statutory declaration

Each heading needs to include a belonging text. Furthermore in case of using (e.g.) a subdivision in paragraph 1.1, at least one more paragraph (1.2) must follow.

2.2. Statutory Declaration

Feel free to copy this statutory declaration:

Statutory Declaration


“I herewith declare that I have composed the present thesis myself and without use of any other than the cited sources and aids. Sentences or parts of sentences quoted literally are marked as such; other references with regard to the statement and scope are indicated by full details of the publications concerned. The thesis the same or similar form has not been submitted to any examination body and has not been published. This thesis was not yet, even in part, used in another examination or as a course performance. Furthermore I declare that the submitted written (bound) copies of the present thesis and the version submitted on a data carrier are consistent with each other in contents.”


Place, Date: ……………………………………..……. Signature: ……………………………………

2.3. Size of Sections

The individual sections should be of sufficient scope, which, generally speaking, should not fall below one page. Hereby one should on the one hand adhere a visually recognizable structure and on the other hand recognize a reference between font and size.

The use of hyphens should be avoided.

2.4. Use of Abbreviations

Abbreviations can be very useful, nevertheless they should not be used in headings of sections/paragraphs and neither in the title of the thesis. If an abbreviation is used, it needs to be explained at the first occurrence in the text in an explicit form. 



European Union (EU)


After the determination of an abbreviation within the text, it has to be used in the course of the text in general, except for headings. To facilitate the handling of abbreviations, you should create a list of abbreviations in alphabetical order.

2.5. Citation Method

Please use the harvard citation format for your thesis. Our general suggestion is to use the program “Citavi” which saves a lot of time by helping you with citing sources right and automatically. The HWR/BSEL provides you with a free license for it. For more information: https://www.hwr-berlin.de/fileadmin/portal/Dokumente/HWR-Berlin/Serviceeinrichtungen/Bibliothek/Citavi-Info.pdf

2.6. Footnotes

In general footnotes  are numbered page by page. Therefore, they have to be integrated page-related. The separation to the text is achieved through a roughly 6cm long line, which is created through Word automatically. Example below.


3. Information regarding page layout and formatting of the thesis

3.1. Word Count

12.000-17.000 words

3.2. Site Margins

Left margin: 3cm

Right margin: 2cm

Distance top/bottom: 2.5cm

3.3. Line Spacing

The line space is 1,5. and 6 points at the end of a paragraph. Spacing between heading and the following paragraph 18 points to the top, and 3 points to the bottom.

3.4. Font

Please use:

  • Times New Roman
  • Headings, size 12 point bold
  • size 12 point for text, graphic and table caption (e.g. Fig. 3.1. can be highlighted bold
  • Footnotes, references, size 10 point

3.5. Figures and Tables

You are allowed to copy charts, tables, figures etc. if you cite the source, but it’s  always better to create your own ones out of the gathered information due to better resolution and consistent design.

4. Information regarding the Oral Examination

4.1. Invitation

If you have passed the written part of your final thesis, you will receive a written invitation by post from your responsible study office.

4.2. Location

The oral examination will take place in Prof. Dr. Užík’s office in room B 2.51.

4.3. Duration

The oral examination takes up to 60 minutes.

4.4. Preparations

Prepare 8 to 10 slides on your topic. The presentation should take up to 10 minutes. In addition bring two printed copies with you.